FRAILTOOLSA comprehensive validation of tools to screen and diagnose frailty in different clinical and social settings to provide instruments for integrated care in older adults
General objective of the project:
From the second half of the 20th century, life expectancy has increased in developed countries, reaching a mean age of 82 years in countries such as Spain, France and Italy. According to age grouping, Europe is now the continent with the largest proportion of older people, which, in addition, present with a high disability rate.
Frailty is the main risk factor for the appearance of disability, a syndrome that describes a reduction in the individual’s capacity to respond to stressors, due to a reduced functional reserve. Frailty is the condition that associates more frequently to mortality among community dwelling older adults, followed by organ failure, cancer and terminal dementia. This condition is also related to other adverse outcomes such as: falls, morbidity, disability, polypharmacy and use of medical consults, hospitalization and institutionalization.
Many studies have demonstrated the utility of certain assessment tools to evaluate frailty in populations, however the individual risk for disability has not been properly evaluated, which is the main interest in day to day clinical and social settings.
Evaluate the usefulness of frailty scales as frailty detection instruments in clinical and social settings is the general objective of FRAILTOOLS project.
FRAILTOOLS specific objectives
Aseessment of the tools as screening/diagnosis instruments for older adults attended in the hospital, Prymary Care and Nursing Homes
To build the integration of tools in algorithms to be used in each setting of care and along the settings to permit an integrated care in different conditions (isolated assessment or sequential assessment)
To assess the usefulness as screaning and diagnosis tools of some selected instrument to detected frailty in both clinical (Hospital and Primary Care) and social (Nursing Homes) settings, providing sequential diagnostic algorithms clinically sound
A comprehensive validation of tools to screen and diagnose frailty in different clinical and social settings to provide instruments for integrated care in older adults